Throughout the doctoral process, students engage in various research activities: attendance of seminars and conferences, presentation of papers, publication in peer-reviewed journals, organization of events, involvement in research networks, etc. These research activities can be credited within this category (20 ECTS). Please check with your university to see how each activity is credited.
Passive attendance of seminars and conferences can be credited with 1 ECTS per seminar day or conference day. Please look at the pages on the “Research activities” section of the main menu bar for the list of seminars organized in each university. The credits for passive attendance cannot exceed 10 ECTS, meaning that at least 10 ECTS must be obtained through active research productions.
The way in which the latter activities are credited depend on each university – please contact your administrative officer for more information. Obviously, while 20 ECTS is the minimum required, we encourage students to exceed this requirement and to take advantage of all relevant opportunities in a way that is useful for their doctoral project.